What can plant science do for human health?
Professor Cathie Martin is a plant scientist at the John Innes Centre, Norwich, coordinating research into the relationship between diet and health and how crops can be fortified to improve diets and address escalating chronic disease globally. This research has included work on blood oranges, and purple, high anthocyanin tomatoes. She is an MBE, and BBSRC’s Most Promising Innovator 2014. She is also the editor-in-chief of The Plant Cell, and is the first woman and first non-American to hold this post
Genetic dissection of tomato fruit quality in the genome era: new tools for indepth QTL characterisation
Dr Mathilde Causse is a specialist in french of tomato fruit genetics. The international reputation of Dr M. Causse was established from studies of genetic, biological and physiological mechanisms that determine the components of fruit quality in tomato, such as weight, composition, texture and vitamin C content. Dr M. Causse possesses expertise in identifying QTLs and characterizing genes and proteins involved in the genetic control of fruit quality traits. She is the leader of a group working on genetic and genomic control of fruit quality. She signed more than 70 publications.
Bridging the gap between genomics and fruit breeding
Francois Laurens got his PhD thesis at The University of Rennes in 1992 working on “the genetic determinism of resistance to clubroot in Brassicae”. For the last 23 years, he has been working at INRA Angers (France) as a geneticist and a breeder in charge of many and diverse missions: French fruit varietal testing network, apple and pear breeding programmes, apple germplasm management, and fruit quality genetics studies. He is currently the Deputy Director of The Institute of Research on Horticulture and Seeds, a large laboratory of 230 members, developing research projects dealing with the quality and health of horticultural crops. He is in charge of the animation of the «pome-fruits and legumes» group and coordinator of the activities developed on Fruit Quality (Genetics, Genomics, Ecophysiology). He is the leader of the apple and pear breeding programs. At the French level, he is the co-leader of the INRA Fruit genetics and breeding group including pome and stone fruits. He is also the co-leader of GIS Fruit, a scientific interest group which draws together 22 French partners involved in research, training and professional organization in the fruit sector. From 2004 to 2007, he has been the President of the Eucarpia Fruit Breeding and Genetics group. Since March 2011 he is the coordinator of the large collaborative European project FruitBreedomics which aims to improve the efficiency of apple and peach breeding programs by filling in the gap between basic research studies and applied breeding.
The regulatory networks underlying developmental shifts in fleshy fruit: from fruit setting to fruit ripening
Mondher Bouzayen holds a full Professor position at the University of Toulouse (France) and he is leading the Genomics and Biotechnology of Fruits (GBF) laboratory, a joint unit the and between the National Institute of Agronomical Research (INRA) and the Toulouse National Institute of Polytechnics (INPT). The GBF group has decades experience in the field of fruit research and as such made a substantial contribution to the characterization of ripening associated genes and particularly those involved in ethylene and auxin signaling. The topic of the group deals with the multi-hormonal control of fleshy fruit development with a major focus on developmental transitions underlying fruit set and fruit ripening. The current interest of GBF is on hormone cross-talk during fruit set, development and ripening. Fruit development processes are investigated by unraveling the genomic determinants underlying the fruit quality traits mechanisms. Tomato is the main model system and the GBF group made a major contribution to the generation of generic tools and resources on this model species. M. Bouzayen coordinated a number of national and international programmes and led the French contribution to the tomato genome sequencing project within the international consortium Solanaceae Genome Network (SGN). M. Bouzayen is currently the chair of the European network on fleshy fruit research (COST Action FA1106) which involves groups from 22 different European countries. His research work yielded 92 papers all related to fruit biology, fruit ripening and fruit quality and published in international peer-reviewed journals among which Nature Biotechnology, Nature, PNAS, The Plant Cell, The Plant Journal, Plant Physiology, Trends In Plant Sciences. He is frequently invited as speaker in international meetings (18) and to give lectures in foreign Universities/Institutes (26).
Climate change and the potential mitigation role of fruit tree orchards
Prof. Xiloyannis was born in Greece, where he completed high school; he obtained a degree in Agricultural Science at the University of Pisa in 1972. Then he get the Postgraduate Degree at Sant’Anna School of Pisa (1974). Since 1990 he is Full Professor at the University of Basilicata. Prof. Xiloyannis addresses research issues related to plant physiology aspects of trees and their modulation with respect to the environment, also the quality of production is among the main subjects investigated. He worked on eco-physiological parameters involved in adaptation processes of plant water relations and carbon fluxes between orchard and atmosphere under new climate scenarios; he contributed to innovative strategies to improve the use of natural resources (eg . water, soil ) and to soil fertility remediation toward a sustainable agriculture. He co-authored up to 100 indexed publications (Scopus) and gained a H-index of 17. During his career Prof. Xiloyannis was coordinator of several European, National and local projects for a total budget up to 12 M€. He carried out institutional roles at the University of Basilicata as Rector’s Delegate, Head of Department and Coordinator of the PhD. He was also a member of the Academic Senate and is currently member of the Board of Directors at the same University.
The genomic approach to dissect GXE in grapevine
Dr. Mario Pezzotti is a professor at University of Verona (Italy) with expertise in grapevine functional genomics and systems biology, specifically berry ripening and withering. He contributed to the release of the first draft of the grapevine genome by participating in the French–Italian public consortium for grapevine genome characterization and was responsible for the applied projects translating the genome knowledge. He is also co-responsible for the Functional Genomic Centre of the University of Verona where the most advanced transcriptomic platforms are available to study gene expression in grapevine. He uses an integrated approach (transcriptomic, proteomics and metabolomics) to understand the complex interplay between the environment and berry quality.
Angelos K. Kanellis
Application of Functional Genomics in Glandular Trichomes of Cistus creticus Laid to the Exploration of Labdane-type Diterpenes Biosynthesis
Professor Angelos K. Kanellis is a member of the Faculty of the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki with main research interests: a. elucidation of the biosynthetic pathway of labdane-type diterpenes in Cistus creticus and phenolic diterpenes in Salvia fruticose and Rosmarinus officinalis; b. understanding the biosynthesis and oxidation of ascorbic acid in fruit tissues; c: exploration and manipulation of arginine biosynthesis in fruit tissues and d. hypoxia and anoxia in fruit tissues.
Phenotyping methods for horticultural crops: opportunities and challenges
Dr. Mark Mueller-Linow is a biologist and got his PhD in the bioinformatics group of Prof. Marc-Thorsten Huett at Darmstadt University of Technology (Germany) in the field of dynamic and structural properties of biological networks. For the last 5 years he is working in the groups of Prof. Uwe Rascher (Ecosystem Dynamics) and Dr. Fabio Fiorani (Juelich Plant Phenotyping Centre) at the Institute of Plant Sciences (IBG-2), Forschungszentrum Juelich, collaborating in the two German project clusters ‘CROP.SENSe.net’ and the German Plant Phenotyping Network. His main scientific interest centers on image analysis and algorithm development for quantitative plant phenotyping approaches using different 2-d and 3-d imaging methods from the lab and the greenhouse to the field.
Beatrix Waechter Alsanius
The One-health concept and organic production of vegetables and fruits
Beatrix Waechter Alsanius is an internationally leading researcher on sustainable food production in horticultural cropping systems, emphasizing on the use of microorganisms for environmentally-sound cropping systems, threats of human and plant pathogens in horticultural production chains and food safety of vegetables and fruit. She has a Ph.D. from Bonn university (1991), Germany and combined her assistant professorship at SLU (1992-1998) with different postdoctorate leaves at INRA, France and USDA-ARS/Washington State University, Pullman, WA, US. She was habilitated in horticulture in 1999 and in plant protection ecology in 2006 at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Since 2009 her current position is chair professor in horticulture at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Alnarp, Sweden. During 2010 to 2013 she acted also as an adjunct professor in phytology at Université Laval, Québec, Canada and headed from 2009-2014 the international postgraduate school "Microbial Horticulture (µHORT)", funded by the Swedish research council Formas. Within her position at SLU Alnarp she leads the research activities at the Microbial Horticulture Unit. Beatrix Alsanius is vice-chair of the EU-COST action “Biogreenhouses”. She leads the transdisciplinary research projects "Safe Salad" and "Urban Agriculture in African Cities", addressing horticulture, food security, food safety, sustainabilty and public health.
New developments in dynamic controlled atmosphere storage of pome fruit
Prof. Bart Nicolaï has an MSc in Agricultural Engineering (Ghent University, Belgium) and Applied Mathematics (University of Leuven, Belgium). He obtained a PhD in Applied Biological Sciences in 1994 at the University of Leuven (Belgium) where he now is a full professor. He is responsible for the co-ordination of the scientific research in the Flanders Centre of Postharvest Technology, a public-private partnership which was established by the University of Leuven and the Association of Belgian Horticultural Co-operatives in 1997. Since 2005 he is head of the division Mechatronics, Biostatistics and Sensors (MeBioS) of the Biosystems department at the University of Leuven and also leads the postharvest research group of this division. His main research interests are postharvest biology and technology, refrigeration technology, heat and mass transfer, quality of fruit and vegetables, and mathematical modelling. Bart Nicolaï is past-chairman of the Special Interest Group on Postharvest Processing of the European Association of Agricultural Engineers (EurAgEng), and past president of Commission C2 (Food Science and Engineering) of the International Institute of Refrigeration (IIR-IIF). He has been a member of the organising and/or scientific committees of many international workshops and symposia. He is the author or co-author of 250+ peer reviewed research papers, and is on the editorial board of the journals Postharvest Biology and Technology, Journal of Food Engineering, and Postharvest Innovation and Technology. He has co-ordinated 4 EU research projects and has participated in several others.
Sustainable vegetables by full control of plant production in greenhouse horticulture
Prof Leo Marcelis is Head of the Chair group Horticulture and Product Physiology at Wageningen University, The Netherlands. His research combines experimentation and simulation modelling. It focuses on physiology, growth and product formation of plants and plant organs in order to improve sustainability and quality of crop production in controlled environments such as greenhouses or city farms. In particular fluxes of assimilates, water and nutrients in the plant, sink/source interactions and partitioning among plant organs in response to abiotic constraints are subject of study.
More info: https://www.wageningenur.nl/en/Persons/Leo-Marcelis.htm.
Recent trends in greenhouse design and microclimate control
Dr. Constantinos Kittas is an Agricultural, Civil and Mechanical Engineer. Prof. Kittas is the Director of the Lab. of Agricultural Constructions & Environmental Control of the Univ. of Thessaly (UTH), former Director of Institute of Technology and Management of Centre of Research and Technology – Thessaly (CERETETH).
He has more than 30 years of teaching and extensive research involvement in the field of agricultural engineering, bioclimatology, environmental control, greenhouse technology, plant-soil-atmosphere relationships and renewable energy sources. He has significant experience in greenhouse design, equipment, microclimate and its control in agricultural buildings, on irrigation control of greenhouse crops and simulation and modelling of greenhouse microclimate and crop growth. He has over 100 papers published in international peer review journals and over 250 papers in international and Greek conference proceedings while his published work has more than 1600 citations. He has extensive experience in research projects since so far he has coordinated and participated in more than 50 National (Greek) and European research projects.
Regulation of senescence and abscission in ornamentals by plant hormones: Horticultural use and mode of action
Dr. Shimon Meir is based at the Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Israel. He has a Ph.D. in plant physiology from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel (1985). He spent a postdoctoral period with Prof. William Bramlage at the University of Massachusetts USA (1987) and a sabbatical leave with Prof. Michael Reid at the University of California Davis, USA (2001). For the last 26 years he has an active research program in improving postharvest quality of ornamentals, focusing on cut flowers and potted plants. His horticultural research is focused on developing means for improving the quality of ornamentals exported by air and sea transport, including developing postharvest technologies and application of plant growth regulators and inhibitors. His current research is focused on regulation of abscission, senescence and colour development. He co-chaired and organized an International Abscission Workshop as part of the International Horticultural Congress (IHC2010) in Lisbon, and a symposium on “Abscission Processes in Horticulture and their Manipulation to Improve Crop Growth” as part of the IHC2014 in Brisbane, Australia. He was appointed as a co-convener of the 11th International Symposium on Postharvest Quality of Ornamental Plants to be held in 2018 at the IHC in Istanbul, Turkey. Currently he serves as a co-editor in Frontiers in Plant Science on the research topic “Plant organ abscission: from models to crops”. He is the author and co-author of more than 100 publications.
Next Generation Data analysis using Flowering Plants: Case study Aquilegia species
Christos Noutsos conducted his PhD research in Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding in Cologne, Germany and received his PhD degree in the field of Bioinformatics from Wageningen University, The Netherlands. He is currently a computational biology postdoc at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in USA. His research interest centers on plant adaptation to environment using High Throughput Technologies (Genomics and Metabolomics). In addition, as an iPlant collaborator, he uses his skills in High Performance Computing resources to analyze Next Generation Data. He is an adjunct Assistant Professor at NYU. He is also involved in ASPB, where he serves as an Ambassador.
Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda for the Fruit Sector: the view of the industry
Joan Bonany, obtained the degree of ‘Agriculture Technical Engineer’ in the Polytechnical School of Girona in 1986 and the degree of ‘Agricultural Engineer’ by ‘Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Agrónomos de Lleida’ in the Polytechnical University of Catalonia. Completes his education in 1989 with a degree of Master of Science (Fruit Science) at Cornell University as a beneficiary of a Fullbright grant. From then on, develops his activity in the Experimental Station Mas Badia (IRTA) as a technical coordinator. Since 2006, he is also coordinating IRTA’s research in deciduous fruits. He has participated in different national and European research projects related to fruit production. From 2003, he coordinates the different fruit breeding programs both for varieties and rootstocks. He has been chairman of the Working Group of Fruit Production in the national society for Horticultural Sciences (SECH) from 2006 to 2010 and since 1996 is member of the EUFRIN (network of european fruit research institutes) Board. Additionally, from 2006 to 2008 was appointed chairman of the EUFRIN Board. He is also member of the scientific committee of the ‘ASOCIACIÓN 5 AL DIA’ in Spain and technical coordinator of the research commission of the ASSEMBLY OF EUROPEAN REGIONS PRODUCING FRUITS AND VEGETABLES (AREFLH).
Temperate fruit crops at new era: from preharvest to postharvest
Guglielmo Costa is Full Professor of Fruit Science at University of Bologna, Department of Agricultural Science (1997-). He is Leader of the EUFRIN Working Group on Fruit chemical thinning (since 1999), President of the “Bioregulators in Fruit Production” Working Group of the ISHS (2005-2009), President of International Kiwifruit working group (2006) and Chair of the Pome and Stone Fruit section of ISHS.
His current research subjects includes: (i) fruit science and management, (ii) bioregulators (growth retardants, thinning agent, fruit set), (iii) apple high density planting orchards, (iv) breeding, (v) fruit quality prediction, (vi) non-destructive assessment of fruit quality (NIRS= near infrared spectroscopy & E-nose). He is author of more than 600 scientific papers.
He has additionally organized a series of successful Conferences under the auspices of the International Society for Horticultural Science.